This tiny species of falcon is the smallest raptor in Africa – adults are less than 8 inches long. Although small, they are predators, and hunt large insects, small reptiles, and even small mammals. They often hunt by perching on dead trees and scanning the surrounding area for potential prey. When they spot a target, African pygmy falcons can frequently be seen bobbing their heads and tails before swooping down to catch their prey. They may also hunt insects in flight.