(Leucopsar rothschildi)

FUN FACT

The island of Bali's only endemic vertebrate species.

The Bali mynah, also known as the Bali starling or Rothschild’s mynah, is a member of the starling family.  It has pure white plumage with jet black tail and wing-tips and bright blue skin around its eyes. Bali mynahs also have a lacy crest of feathers, which is lifted during courtship.  Their striking appearance and interesting song have made the Bali mynah, like many species of mynahs and starlings, popular as cage birds.  Collection for the cage bird trade, in addition to habitat loss on the small island of Bali, has led to the birds’ current status.  They are considered to be critically endangered.  In 2001, only 6 individuals were left in the wild – all located within a small section Bali Barat National Park.

Although on the brink of extinction in the wild, roughly 1,000 Bali mynahs exist in captivity around the world.  Through a series of captive breeding programs, captive-bred Bali mynahs have been introduced to the park and the nearby island of Nusa Penida.  The population in the park was most recently estimated at 50 individuals, but the population remains at high risk of poaching and is likely declining.  The results on Nusa Penida are more promising, with 65 adults and 62 juveniles recorded in 2009, indicating that the birds are breeding.  The National Aviary participates in the Bali mynah Species Survival Plan, in the hopes that the population remains stable and the Bali mynah may be returned to the wild permanently and successfully. 

Distribution

Island of Bali (Indonesia)

Habitat

Forests and open woodlands

Diet

Fruit, insects, invertebrates and small reptiles

Breeding

Bali mynahs are cavity nesters, preferring to use nesting sites in hollow trees. When breeding successfully, Bali mynahs may have 2-3 clutches of eggs per year, each with 2-3 eggs. Both parents incubate and rear the chicks.

Status

Endangered

At the Aviary

Our Bali Mynahs live in the Wetlands habitat.